Treatment For Urinary Incontinence in Elderly Females

treatment for urinary incontinence in elderly female

Incontinence is an increasingly prevalent issue among older adults. It can lead to embarrassment, limit social interactions and negatively affect one’s mood and wellbeing.

Medication, physical therapy and behavioral therapies may all assist with treating urinary incontinence, while diet and fluid management may also play a key role.


There are various medications available to treat urinary incontinence, from pills or tablets that should be taken orally to gels and skin patches that release medication continuously over time.

Antimuscarinic medications such as Oxybutynin reduce the need for frequent urination by blocking acetylcholine’s effect on bladder muscle. They typically come in the form of pills or tablets taken once daily and should be ingested orally.

Some medications may cause side effects like dry mouth, constipation and mental confusion. They can also increase your risk of falling and cause long-term memory issues.

These medications may also be combined with behavioral therapies, like pelvic floor exercises to treat urinary incontinence. Pelvic floor exercises focus on targeting muscles surrounding your bladder and urethra to control urinary incontinence.

Bladder training enables you to resist the urge to urinate and gradually extend the time between voiding sessions. It may also help you consume less foods that lead to urinary incontinence, such as caffeine, alcohol and citrus fruits.

If these behavioral treatments do not prove to be successful, your healthcare provider may prescribe anticholinergics such as Vesicare(r), Detrol LA(r), Ditropan XL(r) and Santura(r) as medication options to aid urge or stress incontinence.

Nerve stimulators use painless electrical pulses to stimulate sacral nerves involved in bladder control, also known as buttock nerves. Implantable versions may be placed under your skin in your buttock area or placed vaginally for use.

Some medications can help to decrease the amount of urine your kidneys produce, often in the form of tablets or capsules taken once daily.

Surgery may provide more permanent solutions. Surgery may be appropriate for women suffering from mixed incontinence as well as men who experience urinary leakage due to an enlarged prostate or other causes.

Medicines may cause side effects and other health complications in older adults who take multiple chronic medication treatments at once, so research studies on specific classes of medications used by elderly patients, along with urinary symptoms they exhibit, are necessary to identify risk factors associated with increased need for treatment.

Physical Therapy

Urinary incontinence is a widespread condition among women. It can lead to significant discomfort and compromise your daily life; making social activities harder, impacting quality of life and creating financial strain.

Physical therapy can provide relief from urinary incontinence by improving strength, flexibility and function of pelvic muscles. Furthermore, its treatment plan may include behavioral therapy techniques that will assist you in controlling bladder urges.

Physical therapy typically employs a hands-on approach to treat issues. This may involve guided exercises, passive movements or heat therapy; alternatively, your physical therapist may employ cold or ultrasound treatments as part of their regimen.

Treatment plans are tailored specifically for each patient. Their goal is to enhance mobility, decrease pain, increase strength and return you to a normal lifestyle. Therapists may also perform fall risk screens and assess any factors which could contribute to future issues.

A therapist can also offer you guidance regarding your diet and exercise regime to minimize risk of injury as well as to ward off chronic issues that might require additional therapy or medications.

Physiotherapists specialize in movement and are equipped to identify issues within your body’s functioning. After completing a three-year training program and receiving their license to practice in their state of choice.

These professionals work in hospitals, clinics and private practices across the country and specialize in treating movement issues for people of all ages and abilities. They offer hands-on care as well as education. Finally they prescribe an action plan that you can implement at home.

Additionally, they can provide education regarding other health concerns you may be experiencing. For instance, if you suffer from high blood pressure or diabetes, they’ll work alongside your physician to devise the ideal course of action.

Recent research has confirmed physical therapy interventions as effective measures for alleviating urinary incontinence symptoms in elderly females, making physical therapy the go-to treatment strategy. A group-based physiotherapy intervention was compared with individual physical therapy sessions when treating women aged 60 years or older suffering from stress-induced and mixed urinary incontinence.

Behavioral Therapy

Urinary incontinence is a costly yet common condition affecting elderly females, impairing quality of life and restricting participation in daily activities such as walking and sitting. Furthermore, it often contributes to social isolation and depression.

Behavioral therapy is an effective solution for urinary incontinence among elderly females. It involves learning to alter harmful thoughts and behaviors. This form of therapy has proven particularly helpful for people suffering from anxiety, depression, anger management issues or substance use disorders.

Elderly females are more likely than younger ones to require behavioral therapy due to being less inclined to seek assistance when needed, and having long-standing behaviors and habits which cause trouble.

A behavioral therapist can work with your loved one to alter their thinking and behavioral patterns by teaching more positive responses, which will ultimately make them feel better about themselves and life as a whole. Furthermore, behavioral therapy provides a fantastic opportunity to discuss experiences and feelings openly with someone close to them.

Therapy may also teach your loved one to avoid situations that increase their risk for urinary incontinence, such as taking a shower before leaving home or wearing protective pants while climbing stairs or lifting heavy objects. This could potentially help them avoid accidents.

Behavior modifications to treat urinary incontinence may help your loved one boost their self-esteem and feel more at ease with themselves, potentially decreasing or ending drug usage as well as behaviors which contribute to urinary incontinence.

This study demonstrated that behavioral treatments were more effective than drugs at reducing accident frequency and improving patients’ perceptions of improvement and satisfaction with treatment for urinary incontinence in elderly women. According to this research, biofeedback-assisted behavioral treatment should be considered when treating urge incontinence in elderly women.

In this study, older women suffering from symptoms of urge incontinence were randomly allocated either biofeedback-assisted behavioral treatment or oxybutynin chloride, an effective drug used for treating urge incontinence. Results demonstrated that behavior-group participants experienced greater reduction of incontinent episodes as evidenced in bladder diaries; additionally they reported greater perceived improvement and satisfaction with treatment than drug group counterparts.


Urinary incontinence is a widespread condition that impacts many as they get older, often as a result of ageing, childbirth, health conditions or lifestyle factors such as diet or exercise.

Depending on your specific symptoms of urinary incontinence, your physician may suggest different therapies to manage it. They will ask questions and conduct a physical exam before selecting an approach that’s tailored specifically for you.

Non-surgical solutions may include medication, lifestyle adjustments and behavioral therapy – these may help alleviate symptoms or stop them altogether.

Surgery may be recommended to improve bladder control or eliminate urine leakage altogether.

An urologist performs surgical procedures. They can either operate through an incision (open surgery) or multiple small incisions (laparoscopic surgery).

Mid-urethral sling surgery is one of the most frequently performed surgical procedures and has proven highly successful at reducing urine leakage by keeping your urethra closed. It’s safe and usually works effectively for most patients.

Urinary incontinence treatment options also include vaginal mesh surgery and bulking agent injections – less invasive alternatives that still present risks.

Some doctors also employ devices that send an electrical current through one of your sacral nerves to increase signaling between detrusor muscles and detrusor bladder muscles, decreasing urges to urinate. This process is known as sacral nerve stimulation.

Your posterior tibial nerve, running down the back of your leg, has long been suspected to impact bladder and pelvic floor function. Stimulating it may reduce urges to pee, as well as ease symptoms associated with these organs.

Your prostate gland could be at fault if incontinence becomes an issue – this condition is known as benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH). Surgery could help.

If you suffer from both sphincter muscle dysfunction and incontinence, your doctor may suggest autologous myoblast injection surgery as a possible solution. This involves injecting a special substance directly into the muscle in order to strengthen it and minimize leakage.


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